MapNames
Domestic namesCapital
Population
Area
Flag of Algeria
Location Algeria AU Africa.svg

Algeria

People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria

Arabic: الجزائر — الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية (al-Jazāʼir—al-Jumhūriyya al-Jazāʾiriyya d-Dimuqrāṭiyya al-Šaʾbiyya)

Algiers

Arabic: الجزائر (al-Jazā’er)

41,318,000

2,381,740 km2 

(919,595 sq mi)

Flag of Angola.svg
Location Angola AU Africa.svg

Angola

Republic of Angola

PortugueseAngola—República de Angola

Luanda

PortugueseLuanda

27,184,193

1,246,700 km2 

481,354 sq mi)

Flag of Benin.svg
Location Benin AU Africa.svg

Benin

Republic of Benin

FrenchBénin—République du Bénin

Porto-Novo

FrenchPorto-Novo

11,175,000

112,622 km2 

(43,484 sq mi)

Flag of Botswana.svg
Location Botswana AU Africa.svg

Botswana

Republic of Botswana

English: Botswana—Republic of Botswana

TswanaBotswana—Lefatshe la Botswana

Gaborone

English: Gaborone

TswanaGaborone

2,291,661

581,726 km2 

(224,606 sq mi)

Flag of Burkina Faso.svg
Location Burkina Faso AU Africa.svgBurkina FasoFrenchBurkina Faso

Ouagadougou

FrenchOuagadougou

19,193,382

274,000 km2 

(105,792 sq mi)

Flag of Burundi.svg
Location Burundi AU Africa.svg

Burundi

Republic of Burundi

KirundiBurundi—Republika y’u Burundi

FrenchBurundi—République du Burundi

Bujumbura

KirundiBujumbura

FrenchBujumbura

10,864,245

27,830 km2 

(10,745 sq mi)

Flag of Cameroon.svg
Location Cameroon AU Africa.svg

Cameroon

Republic of Cameroon

English: Cameroon—Republic of Cameroon

FrenchCameroun—République du Cameroun

Yaoundé

English: Yaoundé

FrenchYaoundé

24,053,727

475,442 km2 

(183,569 sq mi)

Flag of Cape Verde.svg
Location Cape Verde AU Africa.svg

Cape Verde

Republic of Cabo Verde

PortugueseCabo Verde—República de Cabo Verde

Praia

PortuguesePraia

546,388

4,033 km2 

(1,557 sq mi)

Flag of the Central African Republic.svg
Location Central African Republic AU Africa.svgCentral African Republic*

SangoKödörösêse tî Bêafrîka

FrenchRépublique centrafricaine

Bangui

FrenchBangui

4,659,080

622,984 km2 

(240,535 sq mi)

Flag of Chad.svg
Location Chad AU Africa.svg

Chad

Republic of Chad

Arabic: تشاد — جمهورية تشاد (Tšād—Jumhūriyyat Tšād)

FrenchTchad—République du Tchad

N’Djamena

Arabic: نجامينا (Nijāmīnā)

FrenchNdjamena

14,899,994

1,284,000 km2 

(495,755 sq mi)

Flag of the Comoros.svg
Location Comoros AU Africa.svg

Comoros

Union of the Comoros

Arabic: جزر القمر — جمهورية القمر المتحدة (Juzur al-Qamar—Jumhūriyyat al-Qamar al-Muttaḥida)

ComorianKomori—Udzima wa Komori

FrenchComores—Union des Comores

Moroni

Arabic: موروني (Mūrūnī)

FrenchMoroni

813,912

2,235 km2 

(863 sq mi)

Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
Location DR Congo AU Africa.svgDemocratic Republic of the CongoFrenchRépublique démocratique du Congo

Kinshasa

FrenchKinshasa

81,399,988

2,344,858 km2 

905,355 sq mi)

Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg
Location Republic of the Congo AU Africa.svgRepublic of the CongoFrenchRépublique du Congo

Brazzaville

FrenchBrazzaville

5,260,750

342,000 km2

(132,047 sq mi)

Flag of Djibouti.svg
Location Djibouti AU Africa.svg

Djibouti

Republic of Djibouti

Arabic: جيبوتي — جمهورية جيبوتي (Jibūti—Jumhūrīyat Jibūti)

FrenchDjibouti—République de Djibouti

Djibouti City

Arabic: مدينة جيبوتي (Jibūti Madīna)

FrenchVille de Djibouti

956,985

23,200 km2 

(8,958 sq mi)

Flag of Egypt.svg
Location Egypt AU Africa.svg

Egypt

Arab Republic of Egypt[n 4]

Arabic: مصر — جمهورية مصر العربية (Miṣr—Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʿArabiyya)

Cairo

Arabic: القاهرة (al-Qāhirah)

97,553,151

1,001,449 km2

(386,662 sq mi)

Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg
Location Equatorial Guinea AU Africa.svg

Equatorial Guinea

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

FrenchGuinée équatoriale—République de Guinée équatoriale

PortugueseGuiné Equatorial—República da Guiné Equatorial

SpanishGuinea Ecuatorial—República de Guinea Ecuatorial

Malabo[n 5]

FrenchMalabo

PortugueseMalabo

SpanishMalabo

1,267,689

28,051 km2 

(10,831 sq mi)

Flag of Eritrea.svg
Location Eritrea AU Africa.svg

Eritrea

State of Eritrea

Arabic: إرتريا — دولة إرتريا (ʾIritriyā—Dawlat ʾIritriyā)

EnglishEritrea—State of Eritrea

Tigrinya: ኤርትራ — ሃገረ ኤርትራ (ʾErtra—Hagere ʾErtra)

Asmara

Arabic: أسمرة (ʾAsmara)

Tigrinyaኣስመራ(Asmera)

5,068,831

117,600 km2 

(45,406 sq mi)

Flag of Ethiopia.svg
Location Ethiopia AU Africa.svg

Ethiopia

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Amharic: Iትዮጵያ — የIትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ (Ītyōṗṗyā—Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dēmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk)

Addis Ababa

Amharicአዲስ አበባ (Addis Abäba)

104,957,438

1,104,300 km2 

(426,373 sq mi)

Flag of Gabon.svg
Location Gabon AU Africa.svg

Gabon

Gabonese Republic

FrenchGabon—République gabonaise

Libreville

FrenchLibreville

2,025,137

267,668 km2

 (103,347 sq mi)

Flag of The Gambia.svg
Location Gambia AU Africa.svg

Gambia

Republic of the Gambia

EnglishGambia—Republic of the Gambia

Banjul

EnglishBanjul

2,100,568

10,380 km2 

(4,008 sq mi)

Flag of Ghana.svg
Location Ghana AU Africa.svg

Ghana

Republic of Ghana

English: Ghana—Republic of Ghana

Accra

English: Accra

28,833,629

238,534 km2 

(92,098 sq mi)

Flag of Guinea.svg
Location Guinea AU Africa.svg

Guinea

Republic of Guinea

FrenchGuinée—République de Guinée

Conakry

FrenchConakry

12,717,176

245,857 km2 

(94,926 sq mi)

Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg
Location Guinea Bissau AU Africa.svg

Guinea-Bissau

Republic of Guinea-Bissau

PortugueseGuiné-Bissau—República da Guiné-Bissau

Bissau

PortugueseBissau

1,861,283

36,125 km2 

(13,948 sq mi)

Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg
Location Côte d'Ivoire AU Africa.svg

Ivory Coast

Republic of Côte d’Ivoire

FrenchCôte d’Ivoire—République de Côte d’Ivoire

Yamoussoukro

FrenchYamoussoukro

24,294,750

322,460 km2 

(124,503 sq mi)

Flag of Kenya.svg
Location Kenya AU Africa.svg

Kenya

Republic of Kenya

English: Kenya—Republic of Kenya

SwahiliKenya—Jamhuri ya Kenya

Nairobi

English: Nairobi

SwahiliNairobi

98,699,862

580,367 km2

 (224,081 sq mi)

Flag of Lesotho.svg
Location Lesotho AU Africa.svg

Lesotho

Kingdom of Lesotho

English: Lesotho—Kingdom of Lesotho

SothoLesotho—Muso oa Lesotho

Maseru

English: Maseru

SothoMaseru

2,233,339

30,355 km2 

(11,720 sq mi)

Flag of Liberia.svg
Location Liberia AU Africa.svg

Liberia

Republic of Liberia

English: Liberia—Republic of Liberia

Monrovia

English: Monrovia

4,731,906

111,369 km2 

(43,000 sq mi)

Flag of Libya.svg
Location Libya AU Africa.svg

Libya

State of Libya

Arabic: ليبيا (Lībiyā)

Berber: ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ (Libya)

Tripoli

Arabic: طرابلس (Ṭarābulus)

Berber: ⵟⵔⴰⴱⵍⴻⵙ (Ṭrables)

6,374,616

1,759,540 km2 

(679,362 sq mi)

Flag of Madagascar.svg
Location Madagascar AU Africa.svg

Madagascar

Republic of Madagascar

FrenchMadagascar—République de Madagascar

Malagasy: Repoblikan’i Madagasikara

Antananarivo

FrenchAntananarivo

MalagasyAntananarivo

25,570,895

587,041 km2 

(226,658 sq mi)

Flag of Malawi.svg
Location Malawi AU Africa.svg

Malawi

Republic of Malawi

ChichewaMalaŵi—Dziko la Malaŵi

English: Malawi—Republic of Malawi

Lilongwe

ChichewaLilongwe

English: Lilongwe

18,622,104

118,484 km2 

(45,747 sq mi)

Flag of Mali.svg
Location Mali AU Africa.svg

Mali

Republic of Mali

FrenchMali—République du Mali

Bamako

FrenchBamako

18,541,980

1,240,192 km2 

(478,841 sq mi)

Flag of Mauritania.svg
Location Mauritania AU Africa.svg

Mauritania

Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Arabic: موريتانيا — الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Mūrītānīyya—al-Jumhūriyya al-ʾIslāmiyya al-Mūrītānīyya)

Nouakchott

Arabic: نواكشوط (Nuwākshūṭ)

4,420,184

1,030,700 km2 

(397,955 sq mi)

Flag of Mauritius.svg
Location Mauritius AU Africa.svg

Mauritius

Republic of Mauritius

English: Mauritius—Republic of Mauritius

FrenchMaurice—République de Maurice

Mauritian Creole Moris—Republik Moris

Port Louis

English: Port Louis

FrenchPort-Louis

Mauritian CreolePort Louis

1,265,138

2,040 km2 

(788 sq mi)

Flag of Morocco.svg
Location Morocco AU Africa.svg

Morocco

Kingdom of Morocco

Arabic : المغرب — المملكة المغربية (al-Maḡrib—al-Mamlaka al-Maḡribiyya)

Berber: ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Tageldit n-Elmaġrib)

Rabat

Arabic: الرباط (ar-Ribaaṭ)

Berber: ⴰⵕⴱⴰⵟ (Aṛbaṭ)

35,739,580

446,550 km2 

(172,414 sq mi)

Flag of Mozambique.svg
Location Mozambique AU Africa.svg

Mozambique

Republic of Mozambique

PortugueseMoçambique—República de Moçambique

Maputo

PortugueseMaputo

29,668,834

801,590 km2 

(309,496 sq mi)

Flag of Namibia.svg
Location Namibia AU Africa.svg

Namibia

Republic of Namibia

English: Namibia—Republic of Namibia

Windhoek

English: Windhoek

2,533,794

825,418 km2 

(318,696 sq mi)

Flag of Niger.svg
Location Niger AU Africa.svg

Niger

Republic of Niger

FrenchNiger—République du Niger

Niamey

FrenchNiamey

21,477,348

1,267,000 km2 

(489,191 sq mi)

Flag of Nigeria.svg
Location Nigeria AU Africa.svg

Nigeria

Federal Republic of Nigeria

English: Nigeria—Federal Republic of Nigeria

Abuja

English: Abuja

190,866,311

923,768 km2 

(356,669 sq mi)

Flag of Rwanda.svg
Location Rwanda AU Africa.svg

Rwanda

Republic of Rwanda

English: Rwanda—Republic of Rwanda

FrenchRwanda—République du Rwanda

Kinyarwanda Rwanda—Repubulika y’u Rwanda

Kigali

English: Kigali

FrenchKigali

KinyarwandaKigali

12,208,407

26,798 km2 

(10,347 sq mi)

Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg
Location São Tomé and Príncipe AU Africa.svg

São Tomé and Príncipe

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

PortugueseSão Tomé e Príncipe—República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe

São Tomé

PortugueseSão Tomé

204,327964 km2 (372 sq mi)
Flag of Senegal.svg
Location Senegal AU Africa.svg

Senegal

Republic of Senegal

FrenchSénégal—République du Sénégal

Dakar

FrenchDakar

15,850,567

196,723 km2

 (75,955 sq mi)

Flag of Seychelles.svg
Location Seychelles AU Africa.svg

Seychelles

Republic of Seychelles

English: Seychelles—Republic of Seychelles

FrenchSeychelles—République des Seychelles

Seychellois CreoleSesel— Repiblik Sesel

Victoria

English: Victoria

FrenchVictoria

Seychellois CreoleVictoria

94,737

451 km2 

(174 sq mi)

Flag of Sierra Leone.svg
Location Sierra Leone AU Africa.svg

Sierra Leone

Republic of Sierra Leone

English: Sierra Leone—Republic of Sierra Leone

Freetown

English: Freetown

7,557,21271,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi)
Flag of Somalia.svg
Location Somalia AU Africa.svg

Somalia

Federal Republic of Somalia

Arabic: الصومال — جمهورية الصومال الديموقراطية (Aṣ-Ṣomāl—Jumhūriyya aṣ-Ṣomāl al-Fidrāliyya)

Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya

Mogadishu

SomaliMuqdisho

Arabic: مقديشو (Maqadīshū)

14,742,523

637,657 km2 

(246,201 sq mi)

Flag of South Africa.svg
Location South Africa AU Africa.svg

South Africa

Republic of South Africa

AfrikaansSuid-Afrika—Republiek van Suid-Afrika

Bloemfontein(judicial),
Cape Town(legislative),
and Pretoria(executive)
56,717,156

1,221,037 km2

(471,445 sq mi)

Flag of South Sudan.svg
Location South Sudan AU Africa.svg

South Sudan

Republic of South Sudan

English: South Sudan—Republic of South Sudan

Juba

English: Juba

12,575,714

644,329 km2 

(248,777 sq mi)

Flag of Sudan.svg
Location Sudan before 2011 AU Africa.svg

Sudan

Republic of Sudan

Arabic: السودان — جمهورية السودان (As-Sūdān—Jumhūriyya as-Sūdān)

English: Republic of the Sudan

Khartoum

Arabicالخرطوم(al-Kharṭūm)

40,533,330

1,861,484 km2 

(718,723 sq mi)

 

Eswatini formerly Swaziland

Kingdom of Eswatini

English: Swaziland—Kingdom of Swaziland

SwazieSwatini—Umbuso weSwatini

Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane(administrative)English: Lobamba, MbabaneSwazi: Lobamba, ÉMbábáne
1,367,254

17,364 km2 

(6,704 sq mi)

Flag of Tanzania.svg
Location Tanzania AU Africa.svg

Tanzania

United Republic of Tanzania

English: Tanzania—United Republic of Tanzania

SwahiliTanzania—Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

Dodoma

English: Dodoma

SwahiliDodoma

57,310,019

945,203 km2 

(364,945 sq mi)

Flag of Togo.svg
Location Togo AU Africa.svg

Togo

Togolese Republic

FrenchTogo—République Togolaise

Lomé

FrenchLomé

7,797,694

56,785 km2

 (21,925 sq mi)

Flag of Tunisia.svg
Location Tunisia AU Africa.svg

Tunisia

Tunisian Republic

Arabic: تونس — الجمهورية التونسية (Tūnis—al-Jumhūriyya at-Tūnisīyya)

Tunis

Arabic: تونس (Tūnis)

11,532,127

163,610 km2 

(63,170 sq mi)

Flag of Uganda.svg
Location Uganda AU Africa.svg

Uganda

Republic of Uganda

English: Uganda—Republic of Uganda

SwahiliUganda—Jamhuri ya Uganda

Kampala

English: Kampala

SwahiliKampala

42,862,958

236,040 km2

(91,136 sq mi)

Flag of Zambia.svg
Location Zambia AU Africa.svg

Zambia

Republic of Zambia

English: Zambia—Republic of Zambia

Lusaka

English: Lusaka

17,094,130

752,614 km2 

(290,586 sq mi)

Flag of Zimbabwe.svg
Location Zimbabwe AU Africa.svg

Zimbabwe

Republic of Zimbabwe

English: Zimbabwe—Republic of Zimbabwe

Harare

English: Harare

16,529,904

390,757 km2 

(150,872 sq mi)

 

   Status  PopulationArea
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg
Location Western Sahara AU Africa.svg

Sahrawi Republic

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

Claimed as the southernmost provinces of Morocco. Recognized by the African Union and 47 UN members as the representative government of Western Sahara.

Arabic: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية (al-Jumhūrīyah al-‘Arabīyah aṣ-Ṣaḥrāwīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah)

SpanishRepública Árabe Saharaui Democrática

El Aaiún(proclaimed)[n 8]

Arabic: العيون (al-ʿuyūn)

SpanishEl Aaiún

266,000

267,405 km2

(103,246 sq mi)

Flag of Somaliland.svg
Location Somaliland AU Africa.svg

Somaliland

Republic of Somaliland

State within the Federal regions of Somalia. Recognized by no UN member.[

Arabic: جمهورية أرض الصومال — أرض الصومال (Jumhūrīyat Arḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl)

SomaliJamhuuriyadda Somaliland

Hargeisa

Arabic: هرجيسا

SomaliHargeysa

4,000,000

137,600 km2

(53,128 sq mi)