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Click on the flag for tourism informationMapEnglish short and formal names
Domestic short and formal namesCapital
Population
Area
Flag of Algeria
Location Algeria AU Africa.svgAlgeria

People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria

Arabic: الجزائر — الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية (al-Jazāʼir—al-Jumhūriyya al-Jazāʾiriyya d-Dimuqrāṭiyya al-Šaʾbiyya)Algiers

Arabic: الجزائر (al-Jazā’er)

41,318,0002,381,740 km2 

(919,595 sq mi)

Flag of Angola.svg
Location Angola AU Africa.svgAngola

Republic of Angola

PortugueseAngola—República de AngolaLuanda

PortugueseLuanda

27,184,1931,246,700 km2 

481,354 sq mi)

Flag of Benin.svg
Location Benin AU Africa.svgBenin

Republic of Benin

FrenchBénin—République du BéninPorto-Novo

FrenchPorto-Novo

11,175,000112,622 km2 

(43,484 sq mi)

Flag of Botswana.svg
Location Botswana AU Africa.svgBotswana

Republic of Botswana

English: Botswana—Republic of Botswana

TswanaBotswana—Lefatshe la Botswana

Gaborone

English: Gaborone

TswanaGaborone

2,291,661581,726 km2 

(224,606 sq mi)

Flag of Burkina Faso.svg
Location Burkina Faso AU Africa.svgBurkina FasoFrenchBurkina FasoOuagadougou

FrenchOuagadougou

19,193,382274,000 km2 

(105,792 sq mi)

Flag of Burundi.svg
Location Burundi AU Africa.svgBurundi

Republic of Burundi

KirundiBurundi—Republika y’u Burundi

FrenchBurundi—République du Burundi

Bujumbura

KirundiBujumbura

FrenchBujumbura

10,864,24527,830 km2 

(10,745 sq mi)

Flag of Cameroon.svg
Location Cameroon AU Africa.svgCameroon

Republic of Cameroon

English: Cameroon—Republic of Cameroon

FrenchCameroun—République du Cameroun

Yaoundé

English: Yaoundé

FrenchYaoundé

24,053,727475,442 km2 

(183,569 sq mi)

Flag of Cape Verde.svg
Location Cape Verde AU Africa.svgCape Verde

Republic of Cabo Verde

PortugueseCabo Verde—República de Cabo VerdePraia

PortuguesePraia

546,3884,033 km2 

(1,557 sq mi)

Flag of the Central African Republic.svg
Location Central African Republic AU Africa.svgCentral African Republic*SangoKödörösêse tî Bêafrîka

FrenchRépublique centrafricaine

Bangui

FrenchBangui

4,659,080622,984 km2 

(240,535 sq mi)

Flag of Chad.svg
Location Chad AU Africa.svgChad

Republic of Chad

Arabic: تشاد — جمهورية تشاد (Tšād—Jumhūriyyat Tšād)

FrenchTchad—République du Tchad

N’Djamena

Arabic: نجامينا (Nijāmīnā)

FrenchNdjamena

14,899,9941,284,000 km2 

(495,755 sq mi)

Flag of the Comoros.svg
Location Comoros AU Africa.svgComoros

Union of the Comoros

Arabic: جزر القمر — جمهورية القمر المتحدة (Juzur al-Qamar—Jumhūriyyat al-Qamar al-Muttaḥida)

ComorianKomori—Udzima wa Komori

FrenchComores—Union des Comores

Moroni

Arabic: موروني (Mūrūnī)

FrenchMoroni

813,9122,235 km2 

(863 sq mi)

Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
Location DR Congo AU Africa.svgDemocratic Republic of the CongoFrenchRépublique démocratique du CongoKinshasa

FrenchKinshasa

81,399,9882,344,858 km2 

905,355 sq mi)

Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg
Location Republic of the Congo AU Africa.svgRepublic of the CongoFrenchRépublique du CongoBrazzaville

FrenchBrazzaville

5,260,750342,000 km2

(132,047 sq mi)

Flag of Djibouti.svg
Location Djibouti AU Africa.svgDjibouti

Republic of Djibouti

Arabic: جيبوتي — جمهورية جيبوتي (Jibūti—Jumhūrīyat Jibūti)

FrenchDjibouti—République de Djibouti

Djibouti City

Arabic: مدينة جيبوتي (Jibūti Madīna)

FrenchVille de Djibouti

956,98523,200 km2 

(8,958 sq mi)

Flag of Egypt.svg
Location Egypt AU Africa.svgEgypt

Arab Republic of Egypt[n 4]

Arabic: مصر — جمهورية مصر العربية (Miṣr—Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʿArabiyya)Cairo

Arabic: القاهرة (al-Qāhirah)

97,553,1511,001,449 km2

(386,662 sq mi)

Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg
Location Equatorial Guinea AU Africa.svgEquatorial Guinea

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

FrenchGuinée équatoriale—République de Guinée équatoriale

PortugueseGuiné Equatorial—República da Guiné Equatorial

SpanishGuinea Ecuatorial—República de Guinea Ecuatorial

Malabo[n 5]

FrenchMalabo

PortugueseMalabo

SpanishMalabo

1,267,68928,051 km2 

(10,831 sq mi)

Flag of Eritrea.svg
Location Eritrea AU Africa.svgEritrea

State of Eritrea

Arabic: إرتريا — دولة إرتريا (ʾIritriyā—Dawlat ʾIritriyā)

EnglishEritrea—State of Eritrea

Tigrinya: ኤርትራ — ሃገረ ኤርትራ (ʾErtra—Hagere ʾErtra)

Asmara

Arabic: أسمرة (ʾAsmara)

Tigrinyaኣስመራ(Asmera)

5,068,831117,600 km2 

(45,406 sq mi)

Flag of Ethiopia.svg
Location Ethiopia AU Africa.svgEthiopia

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Amharic: Iትዮጵያ — የIትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ (Ītyōṗṗyā—Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dēmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk)Addis Ababa

Amharicአዲስ አበባ (Addis Abäba)

104,957,4381,104,300 km2 

(426,373 sq mi)

Flag of Gabon.svg
Location Gabon AU Africa.svgGabon

Gabonese Republic

FrenchGabon—République gabonaiseLibreville

FrenchLibreville

2,025,137267,668 km2

 (103,347 sq mi)

Flag of The Gambia.svg
Location Gambia AU Africa.svgGambia

Republic of the Gambia

EnglishGambia—Republic of the GambiaBanjul

EnglishBanjul

2,100,56810,380 km2 

(4,008 sq mi)

Flag of Ghana.svg
Location Ghana AU Africa.svgGhana

Republic of Ghana

English: Ghana—Republic of GhanaAccra

English: Accra

28,833,629238,534 km2 

(92,098 sq mi)

Flag of Guinea.svg
Location Guinea AU Africa.svgGuinea

Republic of Guinea

FrenchGuinée—République de GuinéeConakry

FrenchConakry

12,717,176245,857 km2 

(94,926 sq mi)

Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg
Location Guinea Bissau AU Africa.svgGuinea-Bissau

Republic of Guinea-Bissau

PortugueseGuiné-Bissau—República da Guiné-BissauBissau

PortugueseBissau

1,861,28336,125 km2 

(13,948 sq mi)

Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg
Location Côte d'Ivoire AU Africa.svgIvory Coast

Republic of Côte d’Ivoire

FrenchCôte d’Ivoire—République de Côte d’IvoireYamoussoukro

FrenchYamoussoukro

24,294,750322,460 km2 

(124,503 sq mi)

Flag of Kenya.svg
Location Kenya AU Africa.svgKenya

Republic of Kenya

English: Kenya—Republic of Kenya

SwahiliKenya—Jamhuri ya Kenya

Nairobi

English: Nairobi

SwahiliNairobi

98,699,862580,367 km2

 (224,081 sq mi)

Flag of Lesotho.svg
Location Lesotho AU Africa.svgLesotho

Kingdom of Lesotho

English: Lesotho—Kingdom of Lesotho

SothoLesotho—Muso oa Lesotho

Maseru

English: Maseru

SothoMaseru

2,233,33930,355 km2 

(11,720 sq mi)

Flag of Liberia.svg
Location Liberia AU Africa.svgLiberia

Republic of Liberia

English: Liberia—Republic of LiberiaMonrovia

English: Monrovia

4,731,906111,369 km2 

(43,000 sq mi)

Flag of Libya.svg
Location Libya AU Africa.svgLibya

State of Libya

Arabic: ليبيا (Lībiyā)

Berber: ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ (Libya)

Tripoli

Arabic: طرابلس (Ṭarābulus)

Berber: ⵟⵔⴰⴱⵍⴻⵙ (Ṭrables)

6,374,6161,759,540 km2 

(679,362 sq mi)

Flag of Madagascar.svg
Location Madagascar AU Africa.svgMadagascar

Republic of Madagascar

FrenchMadagascar—République de Madagascar

Malagasy: Repoblikan’i Madagasikara

Antananarivo

FrenchAntananarivo

MalagasyAntananarivo

25,570,895587,041 km2 

(226,658 sq mi)

Flag of Malawi.svg
Location Malawi AU Africa.svgMalawi

Republic of Malawi

ChichewaMalaŵi—Dziko la Malaŵi

English: Malawi—Republic of Malawi

Lilongwe

ChichewaLilongwe

English: Lilongwe

18,622,104118,484 km2 

(45,747 sq mi)

Flag of Mali.svg
Location Mali AU Africa.svgMali

Republic of Mali

FrenchMali—République du MaliBamako

FrenchBamako

18,541,9801,240,192 km2 

(478,841 sq mi)

Flag of Mauritania.svg
Location Mauritania AU Africa.svgMauritania

Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Arabic: موريتانيا — الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Mūrītānīyya—al-Jumhūriyya al-ʾIslāmiyya al-Mūrītānīyya)Nouakchott

Arabic: نواكشوط (Nuwākshūṭ)

4,420,1841,030,700 km2 

(397,955 sq mi)

Flag of Mauritius.svg
Location Mauritius AU Africa.svgMauritius

Republic of Mauritius

English: Mauritius—Republic of Mauritius

FrenchMaurice—République de Maurice

Mauritian Creole Moris—Republik Moris

Port Louis

English: Port Louis

FrenchPort-Louis

Mauritian CreolePort Louis

1,265,1382,040 km2 

(788 sq mi)

Flag of Morocco.svg
Location Morocco AU Africa.svgMorocco

Kingdom of Morocco

Arabic : المغرب — المملكة المغربية (al-Maḡrib—al-Mamlaka al-Maḡribiyya)

Berber: ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Tageldit n-Elmaġrib)

Rabat

Arabic: الرباط (ar-Ribaaṭ)

Berber: ⴰⵕⴱⴰⵟ (Aṛbaṭ)

35,739,580446,550 km2 

(172,414 sq mi)

Flag of Mozambique.svg
Location Mozambique AU Africa.svgMozambique

Republic of Mozambique

PortugueseMoçambique—República de MoçambiqueMaputo

PortugueseMaputo

29,668,834801,590 km2 

(309,496 sq mi)

Flag of Namibia.svg
Location Namibia AU Africa.svgNamibia

Republic of Namibia

English: Namibia—Republic of NamibiaWindhoek

English: Windhoek

2,533,794825,418 km2 

(318,696 sq mi)

Flag of Niger.svg
Location Niger AU Africa.svgNiger

Republic of Niger

FrenchNiger—République du NigerNiamey

FrenchNiamey

21,477,3481,267,000 km2 

(489,191 sq mi)

Flag of Nigeria.svg
Location Nigeria AU Africa.svgNigeria

Federal Republic of Nigeria

English: Nigeria—Federal Republic of NigeriaAbuja

English: Abuja

190,866,311923,768 km2 

(356,669 sq mi)

Flag of Rwanda.svg
Location Rwanda AU Africa.svgRwanda

Republic of Rwanda

English: Rwanda—Republic of Rwanda

FrenchRwanda—République du Rwanda

Kinyarwanda Rwanda—Repubulika y’u Rwanda

Kigali

English: Kigali

FrenchKigali

KinyarwandaKigali

12,208,40726,798 km2 

(10,347 sq mi)

Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg
Location São Tomé and Príncipe AU Africa.svgSão Tomé and Príncipe

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

PortugueseSão Tomé e Príncipe—República Democrática de São Tomé e PríncipeSão Tomé

PortugueseSão Tomé

204,327 

964 km2 (372 sq mi)

Flag of Senegal.svg
Location Senegal AU Africa.svgSenegal

Republic of Senegal

FrenchSénégal—République du SénégalDakar

FrenchDakar

15,850,567196,723 km2

 (75,955 sq mi)

Flag of Seychelles.svg
Location Seychelles AU Africa.svgSeychelles

Republic of Seychelles

English: Seychelles—Republic of Seychelles

FrenchSeychelles—République des Seychelles

Seychellois CreoleSesel— Repiblik Sesel

Victoria

English: Victoria

FrenchVictoria

Seychellois CreoleVictoria

94,737451 km2 

(174 sq mi)

Flag of Sierra Leone.svg
Location Sierra Leone AU Africa.svgSierra Leone

Republic of Sierra Leone

English: Sierra Leone—Republic of Sierra LeoneFreetown

English: Freetown

7,557,212 

71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi)

Flag of Somalia.svg
Location Somalia AU Africa.svgSomalia

Federal Republic of Somalia

Arabic: الصومال — جمهورية الصومال الديموقراطية (Aṣ-Ṣomāl—Jumhūriyya aṣ-Ṣomāl al-Fidrāliyya)

Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya

Mogadishu

SomaliMuqdisho

Arabic: مقديشو (Maqadīshū)

14,742,523637,657 km2 

(246,201 sq mi)

Flag of South Africa.svg
Location South Africa AU Africa.svgSouth Africa

Republic of South Africa

AfrikaansSuid-Afrika—Republiek van Suid-Afrika

Bloemfontein(judicial),
Cape Town(legislative),
and Pretoria(executive)
56,717,1561,221,037 km2

(471,445 sq mi)

Flag of South Sudan.svg
Location South Sudan AU Africa.svgSouth Sudan

Republic of South Sudan

English: South Sudan—Republic of South SudanJuba

English: Juba

12,575,714644,329 km2 

(248,777 sq mi)

Flag of Sudan.svg
Location Sudan before 2011 AU Africa.svgSudan

Republic of Sudan

Arabic: السودان — جمهورية السودان (As-Sūdān—Jumhūriyya as-Sūdān)

English: Republic of the Sudan

Khartoum

Arabicالخرطوم(al-Kharṭūm)

40,533,3301,861,484 km2 

(718,723 sq mi)

Flag of Swaziland.svg
Location Swaziland AU Africa.svgSwaziland

Kingdom of Swaziland

English: Swaziland—Kingdom of Swaziland

SwazieSwatini—Umbuso weSwatini

Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane(administrative)English: Lobamba, MbabaneSwazi: Lobamba, ÉMbábáne
1,367,25417,364 km2 

(6,704 sq mi)

Flag of Tanzania.svg
Location Tanzania AU Africa.svgTanzania

United Republic of Tanzania

English: Tanzania—United Republic of Tanzania

SwahiliTanzania—Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

Dodoma

English: Dodoma

SwahiliDodoma

57,310,019945,203 km2 

(364,945 sq mi)

Flag of Togo.svg
Location Togo AU Africa.svgTogo

Togolese Republic

FrenchTogo—République TogolaiseLomé

FrenchLomé

7,797,69456,785 km2

 (21,925 sq mi)

Flag of Tunisia.svg
Location Tunisia AU Africa.svgTunisia

Tunisian Republic

Arabic: تونس — الجمهورية التونسية (Tūnis—al-Jumhūriyya at-Tūnisīyya)Tunis

Arabic: تونس (Tūnis)

11,532,127163,610 km2 

(63,170 sq mi)

Flag of Uganda.svg
Location Uganda AU Africa.svgUganda

Republic of Uganda

English: Uganda—Republic of Uganda

SwahiliUganda—Jamhuri ya Uganda

Kampala

English: Kampala

SwahiliKampala

42,862,958236,040 km2

(91,136 sq mi)

Flag of Zambia.svg
Location Zambia AU Africa.svgZambia

Republic of Zambia

English: Zambia—Republic of ZambiaLusaka

English: Lusaka

17,094,130752,614 km2 

(290,586 sq mi)

Flag of Zimbabwe.svg
Location Zimbabwe AU Africa.svgZimbabwe

Republic of Zimbabwe

English: Zimbabwe—Republic of ZimbabweHarare

English: Harare

16,529,904390,757 km2 

(150,872 sq mi)

States with limited recognition

The following are states that have established themselves in Africa as sovereign states, but remain limited in official recognition and are not members of the United Nations. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic however, is a member of the African Union.

Click on the flag for tourism informationMapEnglish short and formal namesStatusDomestic short and formal namesCapitalPopulationArea
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg
Location Western Sahara AU Africa.svgSahrawi Republic

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

Claimed as the southernmost provinces of Morocco. Recognized by the African Union and 47 UN members as the representative government of Western Sahara.Arabic: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية (al-Jumhūrīyah al-‘Arabīyah aṣ-Ṣaḥrāwīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah)

SpanishRepública Árabe Saharaui Democrática

El Aaiún(proclaimed)[n 8]

Arabic: العيون (al-ʿuyūn)

SpanishEl Aaiún

266,000267,405 km2

(103,246 sq mi)

Flag of Somaliland.svg
Location Somaliland AU Africa.svgSomaliland

Republic of Somaliland

State within the Federal regions of Somalia. Recognized by no UN member.[Arabic: جمهورية أرض الصومال — أرض الصومال (Jumhūrīyat Arḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl)

SomaliJamhuuriyadda Somaliland

Hargeisa

Arabic: هرجيسا

SomaliHargeysa

4,000,000137,600 km2

(53,128 sq mi)

 

Other areas

This list contains territories that are administered as incorporated parts of a primarily non-African state.

Click on the flag for tourism informationMapEnglish short and formal namesStatusDomestic short and formal namesCapitalPopulationArea
Flag of the Canary Islands.svg
Location Canary Islands Africa.svgCanary IslandsSpanish autonomous communitySpanishIslas CanariasSanta Cruz and Las Palmas[19]

SpanishSanta Cruz de Tenerifeand Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

2,205,2477,447 km2

(2,875 sq mi)

Flag Ceuta.svg
Ceuta-melilla.pngCeuta

Autonomous City of Ceuta

Spanish autonomous citySpanishCeuta—Ciudad autónoma de CeutaCeuta

SpanishCeuta

76,86128 km2(

11 sq mi)

Flag of Madeira.svg
Location Madeira Africa.svgMadeira

Autonomous Region of Madeira

Portuguese autonomous regionPortugueseMadeira—Região Autónoma da MadeiraFunchal

PortugueseFunchal

267,785828 km2

(320 sq mi)

Flag of Mayotte (local).svg
Location Mayotte Africa.svgMayotte

Department of Mayotte

French overseas departmentFrenchMayotte—Département de MayotteMamoudzou

FrenchMamoudzou

186,452374 km2

144 sq mi)

Flag of Melilla.svg
Ceuta-melilla.pngMelilla

Autonomous City of Melilla

Spanish autonomous citySpanishMelilla—Ciudad autónoma de MelillaMelilla

SpanishMelilla

72,00020 km2(

8 sq mi)

Flag of Spain.svg
Mapa del sur de España neutral.pngPlazas de soberaníaSpanish overseas territorySpanishPlazas de soberaníaN/A74
Flag of France.svgLocation Réunion Africa.svgRéunion

Réunion Island

French overseas regionFrenchRéunion—Îles RéunionSaint-Denis

FrenchSaint-Denis

793,0002,512 km2

(970 sq mi)

Flag of Italy.svg
Pelagie Islands map.pngPelagie IslandsItalian territoryItalianIsole Pelagie

SicilianÌsuli Pilaggî

Lampedusa e Linosa[n 11]

ItalianLampedusa e Linosa

SicilianLampidusa e Linusa

6,30421.4 km2(

8 sq mi)

 

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